Yavuz Sultan Selim, B. 1465-D.1520. Selim the Grim, Conquerer of the new Shiite Persia, under Ismael al Safawi, at the battle of Chaldiron. Defeated Qansuah al-Ghori, the Mamluk Sultan at Marg-Dabiq north of Aleppo, occupying Syria in 1516, and a year later occupied Egypt and executated the last Mamluk Sultan Tuman Bey in 1517. Became the first Ottoman Khalif, with the title of Hami al Haramin Al-Sharifain (Protector of the two Holy cities; Mecca and Medina), a title reserved today by the kings of Saudi Arabia.
Reuben Gabbai and sons stamp on a document from Aleppo. The Gabbais were originally from Baghdad, settled in Aleppo and Calcutta India. The Aleppo Gabbais were British Citizens and it is said that some may have served as consuls to British India in Aleppo. The name Gabbai means treasurer in Hebrew