Yavuz Sultan Selim, B. 1465-D.1520. Selim the Grim, Conquerer of the new Shiite Persia, under Ismael al Safawi, at the battle of Chaldiron. Defeated Qansuah al-Ghori, the Mamluk Sultan at Marg-Dabiq north of Aleppo, occupying Syria in 1516, and a year later occupied Egypt and executated the last Mamluk Sultan Tuman Bey in 1517. Became the first Ottoman Khalif, with the title of Hami al Haramin Al-Sharifain (Protector of the two Holy cities; Mecca and Medina), a title reserved today by the kings of Saudi Arabia.
Sultan Selim (“Selim the Grim”) witnessing the execution of the last Mamluk Sultan and Arab Khalif, Toman Bey in Cairo 1517. From 17 th. century German manuscript.
England, Russia, France and Austria decide how to slice the Turkish Empire; a 1918 cartoon in Puck magazine after Turkey lost WW1
A postcard celebrating the new ottoman constitution that promised democratic elections as well as freedom and equality to all citizens regardless of religion or ethnic background.
Postcard from 1908 showing Armenian students celebrating freedom in Turkey after the introduction of the constitution that promised equal rights to all, regardless of religion or ethnic background.
Turkey’s Sheikh ul-Islam Heyri Bey reading the Jihad Fetwa declaring war on Britain France and Russia in 1914 (World war I). Germany also asked the Ottomans to lead Muslim forces in India against the British troops in order to keep them too busy to join the war in Europe.