The original Shepheard Hotel (built in 1842) in Cairo, burned by the Cairo riots 1952

Photograph of burned Shepheard Hotel in Cairo, by the Armenian photographer KEROP. The Cairo riots on January 26, 1952, targeted establishments owned, or frequented, by the British British in Egypt, burned the world most famous Hotel, thus signaling the end to an era stretching back to 1842, when the early Shepheard was established to accommodate the increasing number of travelers using the Over Land route to India, from Alexandria to Suez by the way of Cairo, and from Suez to India by the Red Sea, prior to the opening of the Suez Canal. The Egyptian Revolution of July, 23, 1952 put an end to the Royal House of Muhammad Ale Pasha, and exiled King Farouk

Yavuz Ottoman Sultan Selim, Conquerer of the new Shiite Persia

Yavuz Sultan Selim, B. 1465-D.1520. Selim the Grim, Conquerer of the new Shiite Persia, under Ismael al Safawi, at the battle of Chaldiron. Defeated Qansuah al-Ghori, the Mamluk Sultan at Marg-Dabiq north of Aleppo, occupying Syria in 1516, and a year later occupied Egypt and executated the last Mamluk Sultan Tuman Bey in 1517. Became the first Ottoman Khalif, with the title of Hami al Haramin Al-Sharifain (Protector of the two Holy cities; Mecca and Medina), a title reserved today by the kings of Saudi Arabia.

Turkish troops enter Alexandretta, Northern Syria on 8/22/1938

Alexandrette 8/22/1938 World Photo ” Alexandretta, NOTHERN SYRIA- the scene as Turkish troops marched into the Sanjak (district) of Alexandretta recently to assure joint control with France of the strategic east Mediterranean area. The occupation of the Turks was in fulfilment of a Franco-Turkish friendship treaty signed for joined arms control of the area pending elections to determine whether the area will become Turkish or remain a part of French Mandate”

First air attacks in history: Italy bombing Libya in 1911

Italian-Turkish War 1911, first war to employ aircraft in conflict ever, the two planes,”Etrich Traube” model (the Pigeon) used prior to WW1 to bomb Zanzur, south-west of Tripoli inaugurating the first air attack in a war in aviation history. Captain Monte was the first pilot to be attacked by rifle fire over Tobruk on Feb1,1912, he managed to land safely. Hundred years later NATO was to use another light aircraft, unmanned, the Drone, to win the battle in Libya. Click here to read More.

Sheikh Khaz’al ibn Jabir palace and music band 1909

Sheikh Khaz’al ibn Jabir palace and music band on post card mailed 23 Jan. 1909 from Bader Abbas.The Sheikh belonged to the Beni Ka’ab Arab tribe in the Ahwaz region along the Persian Gulf, friend of the British prior to WW1, was placed under house arrest in Tehran in 1925, when the Pahlevi dynasty forces occupied the region. the Ahwaz name was Persinized to Khuzistan, and in 1930 Sheikh Khaza’al’s Capital Mohammerah was changed to Khurramshahr. Sheikh Khaza’al at some point was considered strong candidate for the throne of Iraq was passed over, by King Faisal I. He died in Tehran while under house arrest, betrayed by his old friends, the British.